SSH Client for Windows
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5.5 How To Configure Private Shell and WinCVS to work with is a very big site used by open-source projects developers to store all information about their projects and share it with others. SF does not allow any other access protocol than SSH because of security reason and offers CVS service to store source code and record all its changes. This topic covers the operations you should perform to work with through the Private Shell SSH client.

Terminal access to

First of all you must have your own project on the site. If you do not have it yet, you can register and hand in an application for your own project here. It is absolutely free but you should know that only open-source projects can be hosted on Then you have to wait until your project is approved by the team. Usually it takes from 1 to 3 working days.

When you receive a confirmation e-mail letter with your project approval, you can begin to configure your software to work with

You can refer to the Password Authentication and Public Key Authentication (optional) topics to get known more about SSH authentication and basic Private Shell functionality.

Configuring Private Shell:

  1. Start Private Shell and create a new profile (select the "Profiles" -> "New profile..." menu item). Name it, where login is the name you use to log in to the web site and click the "OK" button.
  2. In the "Settings" dialog switch to the "Server" tab and enter in the "Server name" field and your login in the "User name" field. Leave "Port number" with 22 and uncheck the "Password" box in the "Authentication method" field. Leave all other settings with the default values.
  3. Click the "OK" button. This saves new profile to the Private Shell database.

  4. Repeat steps 1 - 3 again, but create a profile with name and enter in the "Server name" field on step 2.
  5. Now you need to generate a key that you will use to authenticate and work with servers. Select the "Profiles" -> "Edit profiles" menu item and switch to the "User Keys" tab.
  6. Click the "Generate new key..." button. In the key parameters dialog select 1024 bits DSS key type, give it a name like "sf_net_dss" and click the "Generate" button.

  7. Generating a key may require some time depending on the power of your processor. You can protect the key with a password so no one having access to your computer will be able to use it. This is highly recommended unless you are absolutely sure that only you alone have access to your machine.
  8. Make sure that the key you have just generated is selected in the both profiles (the box corresponding to the key name should be checked in the "User keys" field for both of the profiles). Also it is recommended to uncheck all other keys (if you have any) for these profiles.
  9. You cannot upload your public key to directly through the SSH client, so do not even try this! Instead, click the "Export key" button, select "Public key" key type to export, "Open SSH" key format and click the "OK" button.

  10. Append the ".txt" extension to the name of a file in the "Save as" dialog and click the "Save" button.
  11. Open the file that you have just exported in the Windows Notepad (or any other suitable text editor). You should see only one text line beginning with the "ssh-dss" symbols.
  12. Select this entire line and copy it to the clipboard.
  13. Log in to the web site, go to your Account options and click on the [Edit SSH Keys for Shell/CVS] anchor.
  14. Paste the key data from the clipboard to the "Authorized keys:" field and click the "Update" button.

  15. You will be returned back to the "Account options" page. Please note that the number of uploaded SSH keys now is 1:

  16. Now you have to wait for 20 - 30 minutes because system needs some time to transfer your SSH key from the web site to the shell and CVS servers.
  17. Private Shell is properly configured to connect to the shell server! You can also use the Secure FTP client to upload or download files to or from the server.

Developer CVS Access via SSH

First of all read the How To Use Private Shell with CVS topic. Than do all the actions required to get terminal access to the site through Private Shell (see above).

Configuring WinCVS:

  1. Set the environment variable


  2. Set the environment variable

    where login is the name you use to log in to the web site.

  3. Set the environment variable

    where projname is the name of your project on

You may set these variables for the entire system or use a batch-file method described in the How To Use Private Shell with CVS topic to set them locally for just one folder where you are planning to place your working files.

Anonymous CVS Access

Since hosts open-source projects only, anybody can obtain read-only CVS access to a source code of any project. "read-only" means that you can only check out such a project.

Configuring WinCVS:

  1. Set the environment variable

    where projname is the name of the desired project.

  2. Run command

    cvs login

  3. Check out the desired module:

    cvs checkout modulename

    where modulename is the module that you want to check out.

If you are prompted for a password for anonymous, simply press the Enter key. To determine the name of the modules created by a particular project, you may examine its CVS repository via the provided by web-based CVS repository viewer.